An entrance building to a Hindu temple in southern India, often topped by a tiered tower of massive proportions and intricate decoration.
A similar entrance to a Cambodian Hindu and Buddhist temple from the period of the Khmer empire, often of cruciform shape and topped by a small central tower.
Origin of gopuram
- Hindi gopuram alteration (probably influenced by Hindi go) (Sanskrit gauḥ, go- cow) of Tamil kōpuram gopuram kō king puram fortress (from Sanskrit puram) (from pūr, pur- rampart, fortress pelə-3 in Indo-European roots)
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition