Glaucoma definition

glou-kōmə, glô-
Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damage to the optic disk, and gradual loss of vision.
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Any of a group of related eye disorders characterized by increased pressure within the eye which impairs the vision and may slowly cause eye damage and total loss of vision.
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Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damage to the optic disk, and gradual loss of vision.
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A disease of the eye in which the pressure of fluid inside the eyeball is abnormally high, caused by obstructed outflow of the fluid. The increased pressure can damage the optic nerve and lead to partial or complete loss of vision.
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(pathology) An eye disease or disorder that is defined as a characteristic optic neuropathy, or disease of the optic nerve, possibly, if untreated, leading to damage of the optic disc of the eye and resultant visual field loss due to lack of communication between the retina and the brain, which can lead to blindness.
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
glaucoma
Plural:
glaucomas

Origin of glaucoma

  • Latin glaucōma cataract from Greek glaukōma from glaukos gray

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • Borrowed from Classical Greek γλαύκωμα (glaukōma, “an opacity of the crystalline lens”), derived from γλαυκός (glaukós, “clear”)

    From Wiktionary