Of an order (Galliformes) of birds that nest on the ground, including turkeys, chickens, pheasants, and grouse.
Webster's New World
Origin of Gallinaceous
From Latin gallīnāceusof poultryfromgallīnahenfeminine ofgalluscockgal- in Indo-European roots
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
From Latin gallinaceus, from gallina 'hen', itself from gallus 'cock'
Gallinaceous Sentence Examples
The gallinaceous birds are represented by a quail, Coturnix novae zealandiae, now exterminated.
Elliot, Gallinaceous Game Birds of North America (New York, 1897) and Wild Fowl of the United States and British Possessions (1898), and Robert Ridgway's learned and invaluable Birds of North and Middle America, published by the Smithsonian Institution, Bull.
He had, however, the courage to act up to his own professions in collocating the rollers (Coracias) with the beeeaters (Merops), and had the sagacity to surmise that Menura was not a Gallinaceous bird.
But indications of such a syrinx occur also in Pittidae, pigeons and gallinaceous birds (Gallidae), the last cases being clearly analogous.
But it was now made to appear that the struthious birds in this respect resembled, not only the duck, but a great many other groups - waders, birds-of-prey, pigeons, passerines and perhaps all birds not gallinaceous - so that, according to Cuvier's view, the five points of ossification observed in the Gallinae, instead of exhibiting the normal process, exhibited one quite exceptional, and that in all other birds, so far as he had been enabled to investigate the matter, ossification of the sternum began at two points only, situated near the anterior upper margin of the side of the sternum, and gradually crept towards the keel, into which it presently extended; and, though he allowed the appearance of detached portions of calcareous matter at the base of the still cartilaginous keel in ducks at a certain age, he seemed to consider this an individual peculiarity.