A programmable read-only memory that can be erased by exposure to ultraviolet light and then reprogrammed.
A type of PROM chip whose bit patterns can be erased and reprogrammed by the user.
(Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory) A rewritable storage chip that held its content without power. EPROM chips were written on an external programming device before being placed on the circuit board. For reprogramming, the chip was extracted from the circuit board and placed under an intense ultraviolet (UV) light for approximately 20 minutes (see ultraviolet light).No longer used, EPROMS evolved into EEPROMs and flash memory, both of which can be erased in place on the circuit board. See EPROM programmer, EEPROM, flash memory and memory types.A Floating Gate Holds the ChargeEPROMs used a transistor with a floating gate underneath a control gate. To program the bit, a high voltage was applied to the control gate. This caused electrons to tunnel through the insulating oxide layer into the floating gate, which impeded the subsequent operation of the control gate. The 0 or 1 was determined by whether the voltage on the control gate was blocked or not.The floating gate could hold the charge for more than a decade or until the device was erased; however, EPROMs only supported a few hundred erase-write cycles.
(electronics) Erasable programmable read-only memory.
Origin of eprom
- e(rasable) p(rogrammable) r(ead-)o(nly) m(emory)
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition