Endocentric meaning

ĕndō-sĕntrĭk
Of or relating to a group of syntactically related words, at least one of which is functionally equivalent to the function of the whole group. For example, the noun table in the noun phrase the old table is endocentric because it has the same grammatical function as the whole noun phrase.
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Of or relating to a compound word whose referent is the same as the referent of one of its constituent parts. For example, the noun blackboard is endocentric in that it refers to a type of board.
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(linguis.) Designating or of a construction which in its totality has the same syntactic function as one or more of its constituents (Ex.: the phrase ham and eggs has the same syntactic function as ham or eggs)
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(grammar, of a phrase or compound word) Fulfilling the same grammatical role as one of its constituents.

The noun "houseboat" is endocentric because "boat" is also a noun.

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