Emphysema meaning

ĕmfĭ-sēmə, -zē-
Emphysema is defined as a medical condition where there is air in body tissues or where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged in a way that causes shortness of breath.

A medical condition caused by years of smoking that damages the air sacs in your lungs and makes breathing hard is an example of emphysema.

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An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.
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(medicine) Pulmonary emphysema, a chronic lung disease.
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A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
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An abnormal swelling of bodily tissues caused by the accumulation of air; esp., such a swelling of the lung tissue, due to the destruction or permanent loss of elasticity of the alveoli, which seriously impairs respiration.
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A pathological condition of the lungs marked by an abnormal increase in the size of the air spaces, resulting in labored breathing and an increased susceptibility to infection. It can be caused by irreversible expansion of the alveoli or by the destruction of alveolar walls.
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An abnormal distension of body tissues caused by retention of air.
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A chronic lung disease characterized by progressive, irreversible expansion of the alveoli with eventual destruction of alveolar tissue, causing obstruction to airflow. Patients with emphysema often have labored breathing, wheezing, chronic fatigue, and increased susceptibility to infection, and may require oxygen therapy. Long-term smoking is a common cause of emphysema.
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(pathology) An abnormal accumulation of air in tissues, most commonly the lungs.
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Origin of emphysema

  • Greek emphūsēma inflation from emphūsān to blow in en- in en–2 phūsān to blow (from phūsa bellows, bladder)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition