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Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) involves the use of an electronic fetal heart rate (FHR) monitor to record the baby's heart rate.
Besides EFM and telemetry, which is usually continuous, there is intermittent monitoring using a hand-held Doppler to assess the FHR.
With the introduction of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) in the 1970s, doctors had more information for assessing fetal well-being.
It was assumed that fetal monitoring would transmit signals of distress, thus, the EFM tracing became a legal document.
The appearance of meconium in the fluid along with a questionable EFM tracing may indicate that a fetus is becoming compromised.