Dutch-disease meaning

(economics) An increase in the value derived from the natural resources sector of the economy, leading to a rise in the valuation of the currency increasingly based on the natural resources sector, causes a deterioration in the manufacturing sector, by making the manufactured goods less competitive in the export marketplace compared to those manufactured by economies with lower valuation currencies, because they are relatively more expensive.
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Origin of dutch-disease

  • Coined by The Economist magazine in 1977, to describe the situation in the Netherlands where a natural resources find of a large natural gas field caused the Dutch gilder to rise in valuation, depressing exports and causing the manufacturing sector to decline, that occurred in the 1950s.

    From Wiktionary