A palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) of western Asia and northern Africa that is cultivated also in the United States, South Asia, and Australia, having large pinnate leaves and bearing clusters of dates.
A cultivated desert palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) that has a stout trunk and large leaves and bears dates.
The most important tree is the date-palm, which grows all over Egypt and in the oases.
Characteristic of the Sahara is the date-palm, which flourishes where other vegetation can scarcely maintain existence, while in the semi-desert regions the acacia (whence is obtained gum-arabic) is abundant.
The date-palm is cultivated along the Nile valley below Khartum, especially on the west bank in the Dongola mudiria and in the neighbouring oases.
In the Saharan oases the characteristic tree is the date palm - " the king of the desert."
The orange, date-palm and eucalyptus have been acclimatized on the coast of Provence and the Riviera.