It is a market for live-stock, and for dairy and farm products, and has slaughtering and packing establishments, flour mills, creameries and cheese factories, canning and preserving factories, carriage works, a flax fibre mill and grain elevators.
The city is also the centre of large dairy interests, and there are many creameries in the county.
Among the leading products are those of the furnaces, foundries and machine shops, flour and grist mills, planing mills, creameries, bridge and iron works, publishing houses and a packing house; and brick, tile, pottery, patent medicines, furniture, caskets, tombstones, carriages, farm machinery, Portland cement, glue, gloves and?hosiery.
In 1891 cheese factories and creameries numbered 1 733, and in 1899 there were 3649.
Butter for export is made in creameries, where the milk, cream and butter are handled by skilled makers.