The elders (Anciens, commis, ou deputez par la seigneurie on consistoire) were regarded as the essential part of the system.
Sir P. Julyan was appointed royal commis sioner on the civil establishments, and Sir P. Keenan on education; their work revived the reform movement in 1881.
Trainee chefs or commis chefs, work three to six months in each section to gain experience in every area of the kitchen.
He was appointed intendantsecretary of Grenoble in 1758, secretary to the expedition for colonizing Cayenne in 1764, and "premier commis des batiments" and censor-royal for mathematical books in 1765.
There is much room for advancement as the commis chef learns each aspect of food service, from peeling vegetables to serving an attractive plate.