The borough is finely situated in the Wyoming Valley among the rich anthracite coalfields of eastern Pennsylvania, and its inhabitants are chiefly engaged in the coal industry; in 1906 and 1907 (when it shipped 24,081,4 9 1 tons) Luzerne county shipped more anthracite coal than any other county in Pennsylvania.
Distant, and in the vicinity are three great coalfields, the Warrior, the Coosa and the Cahaba.
Its cloth and silk manufactures are important, and owing to the opening up of extensive coalfields in the district almost every branch of iron industry is carried on.
Several smaller coalfields on the slopes of the Urals and on the Timan ridge may be added to the above.
The Polish coalfields belong to another Carboniferous area of deposit, which extended over Silesia.