He adopted a plan which had been organiza- found to succeed well in Madeira and the Azores, tion in dividing the country into hereditary captaincies, and Sao Vicente Piratininga, in the present province of Sao Paulo.
Cattle and the sugar-cane were at an early period introduced from Madeira, and here the other captaincies supplied themselves with both.
Some time before the period at which these captaincies were established, a factory had been planted at Pernambuco.
Attempts were made about this time to establish two other captaincies, but without success.
The capital rose rapidly in importance, and the captaincies learned to regard it as a common head and centre of wealth.