country in W Africa, north of Ghana: under French control from 1895, it became independent (as Upper Volta) in 1960: 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km); cap. Ouagadougou
Formerly Up·per Vol·ta
A landlocked country of western Africa. It was a French protectorate from 1896 until 1960, when it gained its independence. The name of the country was officially changed in 1984. Ouagadougou is the capital and the largest city.x
- A country in Western Africa (formerly Upper Volta). Official name: Burkina Faso.