Bonsai meaning

bŏn-sī, bŏnsī, -zī
The art of growing dwarfed, ornamentally shaped trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays.
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A tree or shrub grown by this method.
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The art of dwarfing and shaping trees and shrubs in shallow pots by pruning, controlled fertilization, etc.
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Such a tree or shrub.
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(countable) A tree or plant that has been miniaturized by planting it in a small pot, restricting its roots, and by careful pruning.
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(uncountable) The art of planting and growing trees or plants in such a manner.
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Origin of bonsai

  • Japanese potted plant bon basin (from Early Middle Chinese bən) (also the source of Mandarin pén) sai to plant (from Middle Chinese tsəj) (also the source of Mandarin zāi)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Japanese 盆栽 (ぼんさい bonsai), from Middle Chinese 盆 (bwon "bowl") + 栽 (tsoj "to plant") (compare Mandarin pénzāi 盆栽).

    From Wiktionary