- Havell, Benares (1906); M.
- Benares enjoys the first reputation for work in brass and copper.
- The chief manufactures are silk brocades, gold and silver thread, gold filigree work, German-silver work, embossed brass vessels and lacquered toys; but the brasswork for which Benares used to be famous has greatly degenerated.
- Baranasi, the modern Benares, had in the time of Megasthenes a circuit of 25 m.
- Chait Sing, raja of Benares, the greatest of the vassal chiefs who had grown rich under the protection of the British rule, lay under the suspicion of disloyalty.