A city of Kazakhstan in the southeast part of the country near the border of Kyrgyzstan. Founded in the 1850s as a Russian fort and trading post, the city served as the capital of Kazakhstan from 1929 to 1997 and is the commercial and cultural center of the country.x
Transliteration from Kazakh Алматы (Almatı), which is an adjective form of алма (alma, “apple”).
- The two chains are connected by the lofty transverse ridge of Almaty, Almata or Almatinka.
- (Almaty pass) in the Trans-Ili Alatau and at 9000-10,885 ft.