- former Moorish kingdom in S Spain
- city in this region: site of the Alhambra
The city, established as a colony in the 5th century BC by the Greeks, was named Elibyrge or Elybirge (Ancient Greek: Ἐλιβύργη). It was destroyed in 1010. In the subsequent reconstruction, the suburb of Gharnáta (Arabic: غَرْنَاطَة) was incorporated in the city, and the modern name derives from this. With the arrival of the Zirid dynasty in 1013, Granada became an independent emirate Taifa of Granada.
- By a treaty signed at Granada, the French and Spanish kings were to divide the spoil.
- All the land was lost in the next few years, partly by the revolt of the local farmers.
- CHRISTINO MARTOS (1830-1893), Spanish politician, was born at Granada on the 13th of September 1830.
- An important event of his pontificate was the capture of Granada (2nd of January 1492), which was celebrated at Rome with great rejoicing and for which Innocent gave to Ferdinand of Aragon the title of "Catholic Majesty."
- He died suddenly in his tent at Jaen when preparing for a raid into the Moorish territory of Granada, on the 7th of September 1312.