Chalcedon. (n.d.). In YourDictionary. Retrieved from https://www.yourdictionary.com/Chalcedon
An ancient Greek city of northwest Asia Minor on the Bosporus near present-day Istanbul. An important Christian ecclesiastical center, it was the site of an important ecumenical council (AD 451), which met to resolve questions concerning the nature of the Incarnation.
Mithradates defeated Cotta, the Roman consul, at Chalcedon; but Lucullus worsted him, and drove him in 72 to take refuge in Armenia with his son-in-law Tigranes.
The date of his death is uncertain, but it must have been at least six or seven years later than the council of Chalcedon (451).
The third and fourth oecumenical synods (Ephesus, 43 1; Chalcedon, 451) were primarily tribunals for the trials of Nestorius and Dioscorus; it was secondarily that they became organs of the universal episcopate for the definition of the faith, or legislative assemblies for the enactment of canons.
At Chalcedon, on the other hand, the imperial commissioners decided points of order, kept the synod to the question, took the votes and adjourned the court.
An example of this is found in the ninth canon of Chalcedon, which also illustrates the enforcement upon a clerical plaintiff in dispute with a brother cleric of that recourse to the arbitration of their ecclesiastical superior already mentioned.