A country of northwest Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. The region was settled c. 2000 BC by Berber-speaking people and later formed a part of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires. Arab invaders in the seventh and eighth centuries introduced Islam and the Arabic language and culture. A French territory from 1848, Algeria gained its independence in 1962 after more than seven years of fighting. Algiers is the capital and the largest city.x
- A country in Northern Africa. Official name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria.
OriginSee also: Algéria
From Arabic الجزائر (al-jazā’ir, “the islands”), plural of جزيرة (jazīra, “island”), referring to the several small islands that once existed in the Bay of Algiers.
- In the last-named year the commerce of Algeria amounted to 24,506,020 and that of Tunisia to 5,969,248, making a grand total for French colonial trade in 1905 of 65,432,746 The figures were made up as follows:
- Thus in 1857 he went to Peru in order to determine the magnetic equator; in1861-1862and 1864, he studied telluric absorption in the solar spectrum in Italy and Switzerland; in 1867 he carried out optical and magnetic experiments at the Azores; he successfully observed both transits of Venus, that of 1874 in Japan, that of 1882 at Oran in Algeria; and he took part in a long series of solar eclipse-expeditions, e.g.
- It may be added that fossil remains of the African elephant have been obtained from Spain, Sicily, Algeria and Egypt, in strata of the Pleistocene age.
- The climate becomes more continental in type from west to east...
- Communication between Algeria and Lake Chad by way of the Sahara was opened, after repeated failures, by the French explorer F.