country in S Africa, north of South Africa and west of Mozambique: a self-governing British colony (as Southern Rhodesia) from 1923; became a republic (1970) as Rhodesia; gained full legal independence (1980) as Zimbabwe: 150,804 sq mi (390,580 sq km); cap. Harare
Origin of Zimbabweafter a ruined city in the southeastern part, probably built (c. 15th circa ) by a Bantu people
- A country of southern Africa. Various Bantu peoples migrated into the area during the first millennium, displacing the earlier San inhabitants. European colonization began in 1889 under the British South Africa Company founded by Cecil Rhodes, and in 1923 it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia (often just Rhodesia), which formed part of the colonial federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1953 to 1963. Rhodesia declared itself independent in 1965, although independence was not formally granted by Great Britain until 1980. Harare is the capital and the largest city.
- also Great Zimbabwe A ruined city of southeast Zimbabwe south of Harare. First occupied by Iron Age peoples in the fourth century AD, it contains extensive remains of walls and towers dating from the 11th to 15th centuries.
- Any of the prominent cultural ruins of which Greater Zimbabwe is the most well known.
- From Bantu, meeting house.
- Country in Southern Africa. Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe. Formerly called Southern Rhodesia or Rhodesia.
From Shona dzimba-dze-mabwe (“house of stones"), in reference to Great Zimbabwe.