- a small, temporary dwelling or shelter of grass, brush, etc. over a frame, traditionally used by Indian peoples of the Great Basin and SW U.S.
- any crude shack or shelter
Origin of wickiup; from Fox wiikiyaapi, house: origin, originally referred to houses of the style of Algonquian peoples of the Great Lakes region; akin to wigwam
Origin of wickiupFox wi·kiya·pi, house, from Proto-Algonquian *wi·kiwa·&qnodot;mi.
Though wickiups were built by many Native American peoples, the word apparently comes from a form like wiikiyaapi or wikiyapy meaning "lodge" or "house" in Fox, or wickiop (“house") in Menominee. Wickiup-like structures can found throghout the Southwestern United States, and terms similar to wickiupare present "among Native Americans in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Idaho, and California".
Alternatively, the term may be a variant of wikiwam (“wigwam").
Either way, its ultimate origin is the Proto-Algonquian root *wiÂ·kiwaÂ·Ê”mi (“house").