- Vietnam is defined as a southeast Asian country on the South China Sea.
An example of Vietnam is the country east of Cambodia.
Vietnam definition by Webster's New World
Webster's New World College Dictionary Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio. Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
country on the E coast of the Indochinese Peninsula: ruled by the French from mid-19th cent. until 1945; partitioned into two republics ( & ) in 1954; war between the two republics (see Vietnam War) ended with the defeat of South Vietnam & reunification of the two republics (1976) as the : 127,246 sq mi (329,566 sq km); pop. 64,412,000; cap. Hanoi
Origin: Vietnamese Viet, name of people plush nam, south
Vietnam definition by American Heritage Dictionary
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition Copyright © 2010 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
A country of southeast Asia in eastern Indochina on the South China Sea. It comprises the historical regions of Tonkin, Annam, and Cochin China, much of which was under Chinese control from the 3rd century B.C. to the 15th century A.D. Portuguese traders arrived in 1535, and the area came under French influence in the mid-19th century as part of French Indochina. After the fall of the French garrison at Dien Bien Phu in 1954, it was partitioned into North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The Vietnam War (1954-1975) grew out of the attempt by Communist Vietcong guerrillas backed by North Vietnam to overthrow the U.S.-supported regime in the south. The South Vietnamese government collapsed in 1975, and the country was reunited in 1976. Hanoi is the capital and Ho Chi Minh City the largest city. Population: 85,300,000.
Vietnam - Cultural Definition
- Vietnam was under the control of France from the second half of the nineteenth century until World War II, when it was occupied by the Japanese. The country became an autonomous state in 1946. France's attempts to reassert control resulted in the French Indochina War (1946-1954), in which the French were defeated.
- The Geneva Conference of 1954 divided Vietnam into North Vietnam, controlled by communists, and South Vietnam, controlled by noncommunists.
- In the Vietnam War of 1954-1975, South Vietnam, which was aided by the United States, fought communist insurgents, who were aided by North Vietnam. The war ended when the communists overran the south in 1975. The country was reunified in 1976.
- American involvement in the Vietnam War was strongly protested in the United States.
- Great numbers of Vietnamese refugees, known as boat people, fled the country in the aftermath of the war.
- Between 1978 and 1979, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and installed a puppet government.