valerian[və lir′ē ən]
The valerian plant.
- any of a genus (Valeriana) of plants of the valerian family, with clusters or spikes of white, pink, red, or purplish flowers
- a drug made from the dried rhizomes and roots of the garden heliotrope, formerly used as a sedative and antispasmodic
Origin of valerianMiddle English ; from Middle French valériane ; from Medieval Latin valeriana, valerian, probably after Valeria, province in Pannonia, where the plants were grown
designating a family (Valerianaceae, order Dipsacales) of dicotyledonous plants, chiefly of the Northern Hemisphere, including corn salad and spikenard
(L. name Publius Licinius Valerianus) 190?-260; Rom. emperor (253-260)
- Any of several plants of the family Valerianaceae, especially Valeriana officinalis, native to Eurasia and widely cultivated for its small, fragrant, white to pink or lavender flowers and for use in medicine.
- The dried rhizomes of Valeriana officinalis, used medicinally as a sedative.
Origin of valerianMiddle English, from Old French valeriane, from Medieval Latin valeriāna, probably from feminine of Latin Valeriānus, of Valeria, Roman province where the plant originated.
Originally Publius Licinius Valerianus. Died c. AD 260.
Emperor of Rome (253–260) who, as coruler with his son Gallienus (c. 218–268), confronted invasions by the Goths and Persians. He was captured and killed by Persian forces (260).
- a Roman cognomen, notably borne by Publius Licinius Valerianus, a Roman emperor
- A Russian male given name
From Russian Ð’Ð°Ð»ÐµÑ€Ð¸Ð°ÌÐ½ (ValeriÃ¡n).