pl. -·no′mens or -·nom′i·na
- the third or family name of an ancient Roman (Ex.: Marcus Tullius Cicero)
- any family name; surname; last name
- any name; esp., a nickname
Origin of cognomenClassical Latin ; from co-, with + nomen, name: spelling, spelled influenced, influence by associated, association with an unverified form gnomen ; from Classical Greek gn?ma, mark, token: akin to Classical Latin gnoscere, know
nounpl. cog·no·mens or cog·nom·i·na
- a. A family name; a surname.b. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
- A name, especially a descriptive nickname or epithet acquired through usage over a period of time.
Origin of cognomenLatin cogn&omacron;men : co-, con-, co- (influenced by cogn&omacron;scere, to know) + n&omacron;men, name; see n&obremac;-men- in Indo-European roots.
(plural cognomens or cognomina)
From Latin co- (“together, with”) + nōmen (“name”).