- a Japanese verse form of 31 syllables in five unrhymed lines, the first and third having five syllables each and the others seven
- a poem in this form
Origin of tankaSino-Japanese ; from tan, short + ka, poem, song
nounpl. Tanka or Tan·kas
Origin of TankaCantonese daan6 gaa1, daan6, tribal name (from Middle Chinese t&hhook;an`; also the source of Mandarin dàn), gaa1, family, people (from Middle Chinese kja&tricolon;; also the source of Mandarin jia).
- a. A Japanese lyric verse form having seven unrhymed lines, the first and third composed of five morae and the rest of seven.b. A verse form in another language modeled on the Japanese tanka, typically counting syllables instead of morae.
- A poem written in such a form.
Origin of tankaJapanese : tan, short (from Middle Chinese tuan´; also the source of Mandarin du&acaron;n) + ka, song, poem (from Middle Chinese ka; also the source of Mandarin g&emacron;).
From Japanese çŸæŒ (tanka ãŸã‚“ã‹, “short song"), from Middle Chinese çŸ (twÃ¡n "short") + æŒ (ka "song") (compare Mandarin duÇŽngÄ“ çŸæŒ).
From Japanese å•–å‘µ (tanka).