The inhabitants call themselves Jagatais, a Turki race, though now generally mixed with Tajiks and speaking Persian.
The other races are Tajiks, Kashgarians, Kipchaks, Jews and Gypsies.
It is curious that the same survival of Christian ceremonial should be found amongst the Sarikoli, a Shiah people of Aryan descent akin to the Tajiks of Badakshan, as may be traced amongst the Kirghiz.
The inhabitants are mostly Sarts and Tajiks, trading in cattle, horses and hides.
The population consists of Iranians (Tajiks, Kurds, Baluchis), Mongols, Tatars and Arabs, and is estimated at about a million.