country in WC Asia: became independent upon the breakup of the U.S.S.R. (1991): 55,251 sq mi (143,100 sq km); cap. Dushanbe: formerly, Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic
A country of south-central Asia. The region was settled by the Tajik before the 10th century and conquered by Mongols in the 13th century. By the mid-19th century it was divided among several weak khanates. The region was acquired by Russia by 1895 and was a constituent state of the USSR, the Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1929 to 1991, when it declared its independence. Dushanbe is the capital and the largest city.