It was divided into five provinces: Semiryechia, Syr Dania, Ferghana, Samarkand and Trans-Caspia.
And S., and by the Russian provinces of Ferghana, Syr-darya, and Akmolinsk on the W.
Higher, extend into the province of Syr-darya.
The Chu rises in the Tian-shan Mountains and flows north-westwards through Akmolinsk; and the Naryn flows south-westwards along a longitudinal valley of the Tian-shan, and enters Ferghana to join the Syr-darya.
There the Volga, the Ural, the Syr-darya and the Amu-darya discharge their waters without reaching the ocean, but they bring life to the rapidly desiccating Transcaspian steppes, and link together the most remote parts of Russia.