synchrocyclotron[siŋ′krō sī′klə trän′, sin′-]
a modified cyclotron in which the frequency of the accelerating voltage is modulated to take into account the increase in the relativistic mass of the particle as it reaches high energies
A cyclotron that modulates the frequency of the electric fields that accelerate a particle, thereby synchronizing the accelerating forces with the particle as its relativistic mass increases with velocity.
- A particle accelerator like a cyclotron, but which operates at variable frequency to account for the particles gaining energy, allowing for greater energies to be achieved.
- 2004: The synchrocyclotron was able to accelerate protons to sufficient energies that collisions with nuclei produce pions, the lightest particles that, we now know, are made from a single quark and an antiquark. — Frank Close, Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2004, p. 50)