cyclotron[sī′klō trän′, -klə-]
Origin: cyclo- plush -tron
Used by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
cyclotron - Cultural Definition
The first kind of particle accelerator built.
- Cyclotrons are now used for special research projects.
cyclotron - Science Definition
An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.
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