Captain Hawkins landed at Surat and travelled overland to Agra, passing some time at the court of the Great Mogul.
His mother took him to Surat, where he was educated in a mission school, but he never succeeded in gaining an academical degree.
In 1802, during one of these wars, Elphinstone passed through Bikanir on his way to Kabul; and the maharaja, Surat Singh (1788-1828), applied to him for British protection, which was, however, refused.
In 1815 Surat Singh's tyranny led to a general rising of his thakurs, and in 1816 the maharaja again applied for British protection.
He found one of his brothers at Pondicherry, and embarked with him for Surat; but, with a view of exploring the country, he landed at Mahe and proceeded on foot.