- of Sumer
- of the people of Sumer, an ancient non-Semitic people of S Mesopotamia
- a member of this people
- the language of the Sumerians, extinct as a spoken language since c. 2000 although it continued to be written until the abandonment of the cuneiform writing system: its tablets and inscriptions date back to 3000 : no clear relationship to any other language has been established
Of or relating to ancient Sumer or its people, language, or culture.
- A member of an ancient people, probably of non-Semitic origin, who established a nation of city-states in Sumer in the fourth millennium BC that is one of the earliest known historic civilizations.
- The language of the Sumerians, of no known linguistic affiliation.