- (UK) A piece of land, smaller than a farm, used for the cultivation of vegetables or the breeding of animals
- (US) A small plantation or land with a small number of slaves (generally 19 or less). Contrasted with middling plantation (20-49 slaves) and large plantation (50+ and owned by planters).
- "...the larger plantations implemented different crop choices, surveillance strategies, and labor management practices than did smallholdings." (Wilma P. Dunaway, Slavery in the American Mountain South: "Introduction" 8, 2003)