- a fine wool fabric with a soft finish
- a closely twisted yarn used for knitting
Origin of Saxonybecause first produced in Saxony (region in southeastern Germany)
- region of E Germany: formerly an electorate, kingdom, Prussian province, & state of the Weimar Republic
- state of E Germany: 6,564 sq mi (17,000 sq km); cap. Dresden
- medieval duchy at the base of the Jutland peninsula in what is now Lower Saxony
Origin of SaxonyLate Latin Saxonia
nounpl. sax·o·nies, also Sax·o·nies
- A high-grade wool fabric originally made from the wool of sheep raised in Saxony.
- A fine soft wool fabric similar in weave to tweed.
- A woven carpet having a cut pile of dense erect tufts.
A historical region of northern Germany. The original home of the Saxons, it was conquered by Charlemagne in the eighth century and became a duchy after his death. Its borders were eventually extended southeastward as the region was subdivided and redivided. The dukes of Saxony became electors of the Holy Roman Empire in 1356, and in 1806 the elector was elevated to kingship but lost half his territory to Prussia in 1815. In 1871 the kingdom of Saxony became a constituent state of the German Empire.