- the governor of a province in ancient Persia
- a ruler of a dependency, esp. a despotic, subordinate official; petty tyrant
Origin of satrapMiddle English ; from Classical Latin satrapes ; from Classical Greek satrap?s ; from Old Persian xšathrap?van, literally , protector of the land ; from xšathra, dominion (; from Indo-European base an unverified form kth?i-, to gain dominion from source Classical Greek kt?ma, possession) + an unverified form p?(y)-, to protect ; from Indo-European base an unverified form p?(i)-, to herd sheep, protect, cover from source Old English fothor, sheath
- A governor of a province in ancient Persia.
- A ruler.
- A subordinate bureaucrat or official: “The satraps of Capitol Hill will not sit idly by” (David Nyhan).
Origin of satrapMiddle English satrape, from Old French, from Latin satrap&emacron;s, from Greek, from Old Persian khshathrapava, protector of the province : khshathra-, realm, province + pava, protector; see pa- in Indo-European roots.