## RSA

RSAnoun

Origin of RSA

From the initial letters of the surnames of its inventors, Ronald*Rivest*,

*(born 1947), American cryptographer*, Adi

*Shamir*,

*(born 1952), Israeli cryptographer*, and Leonard

*Adleman*,

*(born 1945), American computer scientist*.

## rsa - Computer Definition

A public key encryption algorithm developed by Ronald Rivest,Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman in 1978 that became a de facto standard. RSA formed the basis for a number of encryption programs, including Pretty Good Privacy (PGP). Current versions of RSA employ a 128-bit encryption algorithm, which is computationally infeasible to decode without the key.The 40-bit export version is not considered highly secure. See also encryption, PGP, public key encryption, and standard.

**(1)** (**R**ural **S**ervice **A**rea) See MSA.

**(2)** (**R**ivest-**S**hamir-**A**dleman) A highly secure cryptography method by RSA Security, Inc., Bedford, MA (www.rsa.com), a division of EMC Corporation since 2006. It uses a two-part key. The private key is kept by the owner; the public key is published.
Data are encrypted by using the recipient's public key, which can only be decrypted by the recipient's private key. RSA is very computation intensive, thus it is often used to create a digital envelope, which holds an RSA-encrypted DES key and DES-encrypted data. This method encrypts the secret DES key so that it can be transmitted over the network, but encrypts and decrypts the actual message using the much faster DES algorithm.
RSA is also used for authentication by creating a digital signature. In this case, the sender's private key is used for encryption, and the sender's public key is used for decryption. See digital signature.
The RSA algorithm is also implemented in hardware. As RSA chips get faster, RSA encoding and decoding add less overhead to the operation. See cryptography and digital certificate.