-rix f sg (plural: -rices; masculine -)
- (dated) A suffix appended to words, chiefly verbs, to form female agent nouns.
- For masculine agent nouns ending in -or, the feminine equivalent ending in -rix is the etymologically consistent form; however, in some cases the common feminine form has changed to become the one ending in -ess instead. For the sake of example, consider that the common feminine form of actor is actress, and no longer the earlier form actrix.
- Relatively dated and not especially productive in modern English, where either gender-neutral terms or other suffixes, notably -ess, are generally preferred, as in actress rather than dated actrix.
- Notably used in dominatrix, and, due to the popularity of this term, has some other use in erotic contexts.
From numerous Latinate feminine agent nouns, re-inforced by Latin -trīx.
(third-person singular simple present rixes, present participle rixing, simple past and past participle rixed)
- (intransitive, obsolete) To reign.
From Middle English rixen, from Old English rīxian, rīcsian (“to exercise or have power, rule, bear rule, govern, reign, domineer, dominate, tyrannize, exercise violence, prevail”), from Proto-Germanic *rīkisōną (“to rule”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃reǵ- (“chief, king”). Cognate with Middle High German richsen (“to reign”), Lithuanian rikis (“knight”). More at riche.