The latter is a diary of events kept during Sir Stamford Raffles' administration by his Malay scribe.
Lord Minto had issued a proclamation establishing British rule on the 11th of September, and Thomas (afterwards Sir Thomas) Stamford Raffles was appointedlieutenant-governor.
Raffles (q.v.) held office until March 1816, and introduced many important changes in the departments of revenue, commerce and judicature.
The pigtail ape (Macacus nemestrinus) - as Raffles described it in his " Descriptive Catalogue of a Zoological Collection made in Sumatra," Trans.
When it was first occupied by Sir Stanford Raffles, on behalf of the East India Company, the island was covered by jungle, but now all the land not reserved by government has been taken up, principally by Chinese, who plant vegetables in large quantities, indigo and other tropical products.