- Gram. the addition of a syllable or phoneme to the beginning of a word
- Eastern Orthodox Ch.
- the preparation and preliminary oblation of the elements of the Eucharist
- the table on which, or the place where, this is done
Origin of prothesisLate Latin from Gr, a placing before from protithenai, to set before from pro-, before + tithenai, to place, do
- Linguistics The addition of a phoneme or syllable at the beginning of a word, as in Spanish espina, “thorn,” from Latin spina.
- Eastern Orthodox Church a. The preparation of the bread and wine for the Eucharist.b. The table used for this preparation.
Origin of prothesisGreek prefixing from protithenai prothe- to put before pro- before ; see pro- 2. tithenai to put ; see dhē- in Indo-European roots.
Late Latin prothesis, prosthesis, alteration from Ancient Greek Ï€ÏÏŒÏƒÎ¸ÎµÏƒÎ¹Ï‚ (prÃ³sthesis, “addition of a letter in the beginning of a word, augmentation") (English prosthesis). However, often confused for a descendant of the Ancient Greek word Ï€ÏÏŒÎ¸ÎµÏƒÎ¹Ï‚ (prÃ³thesis, “a preposing, preposition"), which is instead the source of a different term - see alternative etymology, below.
- a type of preparatory ceremony, part of the Divine Liturgy of the Eastern Orthodox Church
From Ancient Greek Ï€ÏÏŒÎ¸ÎµÏƒÎ¹Ï‚ (prÃ³thesis, “a preposing").