- (chiefly Mahayana Buddhism) The principle that everything is interdependent, that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions.
- (chiefly Theravada Buddhism) The Twelve Nidānas.
From the Sanskrit प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद (pratītyasamutpāda, “dependent origination”), from [script?] (pratītya, “dependence”) + [script?] (samutpāda, “arising”).