positivism[päz′ə tiv iz′əm]
- Positivism is the state of being certain or very confident of something.
An example of positivism is a Christian being absolutely certain there is a God.
- the quality or state of being positive; certainty; assurance
- overconfidence or dogmatism
- a system of philosophy basing knowledge solely on data of sense experience; esp., a system of philosophy, originated by Auguste Comte, based solely on observable, scientific facts and their relations to each other: it rejects speculation about or search for ultimate origins
Origin of positivismFrench positivisme ; from positif
- Philosophy a. A doctrine contending that sense perceptions are the only admissible basis of human knowledge and precise thought.b. The application of this doctrine in logic, epistemology, and ethics.c. The system of Auguste Comte designed to supersede theology and metaphysics and depending on a hierarchy of the sciences, beginning with mathematics and culminating in sociology.d. Any of several doctrines or viewpoints, often similar to Comte's, that stress attention to actual practice over consideration of what is ideal: “Positivism became the ‘scientific’ base for authoritarian politics, especially in Mexico and Brazil” (Raymond Carr).
- The state or quality of being positive.
- pos′i·tiv·ist, pos′i·tiv·is′tic
(countable and uncountable, plural positivisms)
- (philosophy) A doctrine that states that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such knowledge can only come from positive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method, refusing every form of metaphysics.
- Practical spirit, sense of reality, concreteness.
- (law) A school of thought in jurisprudence in which the law is seen as separated from moral values, i.e. the law is posited by lawmakers (humans).
- (in philosophy): antipositivism
From French positivisme, from positif (“positive”).
positivism - Legal Definition