pony express definition by Webster's New World
pony express definition by American Heritage Dictionary
pony express - Computer Definition
The Pony Express began service on April 3, 1860, with the promise that it could deliver a letter from St. Louis, Missouri, to Sacramento, California (a distance of 1,966 miles), in 10 days or less, and that is exactly what it did. Tough young riders, each of whom weighed no more than 125 pounds, rode 75 to 100 miles at an average speed of about 10 miles per hour, changing mounts every 10 to 15 miles. Riders earned about $100 per month for risking their lives on a daily basis.The cost for sending a half-ounce letter by Pony Express initially was $5.00, and was later reduced to $1.00, which is approximately $21.00 in present-day dollars, considering inflation. Eighteen months later, the completion of the Western Union transcontinental telegraph (October 24, 1861) network put the Pony Express out of business. See also telegraph and Western Union.
pony express - Cultural Definition
A system of mail service by relays of riders on horses, established in 1860 between Missouri and California, through the Rocky Mountains. It operated for only a year and a half, until a telegraph line eliminated the need for it.
- An early advertisement for Pony Express riders is well known: “Wanted: Young, skinny, wiry fellows not over eighteen. Must be expert riders, willing to risk death daily. Orphans preferred.”
- Buffalo Bill (see also BuffaloBill) Cody and Wild Bill Hickok were Pony Express riders in their youth.