Origin of ParthenonClassical Latin from Classical Greek Parthen?n from parthenos, a virgin (i.e., Athena)
the Doric temple of Athena built (5th cent. ) on the Acropolis in Athens: sculpture is attributed to Phidias
A temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, built on the acropolis at Athens between 447 and 432 BC and considered one of the finest examples of Doric architecture.
Origin of ParthenonLatin Parthenōn from Greek from parthenos virgin
- The name was subsequently applied to the cella, or eastern chamber, of the Parthenon, which is exactly ioo ft.
- It is important to observe that in resting the fame of Pheidias upon the sculptures of the Parthenon we proceed with little evidence.
- After 445 Athens was hardly in a position to summon such a congress, and would not have sent to envoys out of 20 to northern and central Greece, where she had just lost all her influence; nor is it likely that the building of the Parthenon (begun not later than 447) was entered on before the congress.
- It is therefore probable that most if not all of the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon was the work of pupils of Pheidias, such as Alcamenes and Agoracritus, rather than his own.
- To him are ascribed also the original Parthenon on the Acropolis, afterwards burned by the Persians, and replaced by the Parthenon of Pericles.