- a mechanical device for reproducing a map, drawing, etc. on the same or a different scale, consisting of a framework of jointed rods in a roughly parallelogram form
- any similar framework, as an extensible arm for a telephone, a trolley on an electric locomotive, etc.
Origin of pantographFrench pantographe: see panto- and amp; -graph
- An instrument for copying a plane figure to a desired scale, consisting of styluses for tracing and copying mounted on four jointed rods in the form of a parallelogram with extended sides.
- A similarly jointed framework, such as a power-collecting trolley on an electric locomotive or an extensible telephone arm.
Origin of pantographGreek panto-, all; see pantomime + –graph.
- A mechanical linkage based on parallelograms causing two objects to move in parallel; notably as a drawing aid.
- A pantograph can be adjusted to make either scaled or exact copies.
- A pattern printed on a document to reduce the ease of photocopying.
- I was impressed by the quality of the pantograph; I hadn't noticed it on the original, but the copies were covered in unpleasant lines.
- (rail transport) A similarly-formed conductive device, now usually Z-shaped, that collects electric current from overhead lines for trains and trams.
From French pantographe, from panto- (from Ancient Greek Ï€Î±Î½Ï„ÏŒÏ‚ (pantos), genitive singular of Ï€á¾¶Î½ (pan, “all")) and -graphe (from Î³ÏÎ¬Ï†ÎµÎ¹Î½ (graphein, “to write"))