An ancient Mayan city of southern Mexico southeast of Villahermosa. It is the site of the Temple of Inscriptions, noted for its hieroglyphic tablets.
From Spanish Palenque, from palenque (“palisade").
- PALENQUE, the modern name of a deserted city in Mexico, in the narrow valley of the Otolum, in the north part of the state of Chiapas, 80 m.
- The original name of Palenque has been lost, and its present name is taken from the neighbouring village, Santo Domingo del Palenque.
- Unlike the dead cities of the Yucatan plains, Palenque is surrounded by wooded hills and overgrown by tropical vegetation.
- Probably owing to the same cause, there is less cut stone in the walls, the Palenque builders using plaster to obtain smooth surfaces.
- The Palenque builders apparently used nothing but stone tools in their work.