Ontology is an organizational system designed to categorize and help explain the relationships between various concepts of science in the same area of knowledge and research.
Functions of Ontology
- It provides a common background and understanding of a particular domain, or field, of study, and ensures a common ground among those who study the information.
- It is a way of organizing concepts, information, and ideas that is meant to be universal within the field, and allows for a common language to be spoken.
- It is a structural framework that allows the concepts to be laid out in a way that makes sense.
- It helps show the connections and relationships between concepts in a manner that is generally accepted by the field.
An example of ontology is when a physicist establishes different categories to divide existing things into in order to better understand those things and how they fit together in the broader world.
ontology definition by Webster's New World
- the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being, reality, or ultimate substance
- pl. ontologies a particular theory about being or reality
Origin: Modern Latin ontologia: see onto- and amp; -logy
ontology definition by American Heritage Dictionary
- on·tolˈo·gist noun
ontology - Computer Definition
The structure of a system. A system model. The word refers to the branch of metaphysics that deals with the nature of reality or being. It therefore refers to "what exists" in a system: all elements within all category hierarchies and the relationships between them.