city in S Honshu, Japan, east of Osaka: oldest permanent capital of Japan & chief early Buddhist center (fl. 8th cent. ): pop. 355,000
A city of south-central Honshu, Japan, east of Osaka. An ancient cultural and religious center, it was founded in 706 and was the first fixed capital of Japan (710–784).
- (government, US) National Archives and Records Administration