- Asexual phase: The part of the life cycle of an organism that is dedicated to the process of asexual reproduction
- Ovum: An egg cell
- Mitosis: The division of the cell nucleus that occurs in eukaryotes that produces daughter cells with the same chromosome number that the original cell had
- Crossing-over: Refers to the exchange of parts between two paired chromosomes during meiosis, resulting in new combinations of linked genes within the resulting haploid cells
- Carpogonium: The organ of a gametophyte which houses the egg; these units are found in Rhodophyta
- Sexual phase: The portion of an organism's life cycle that is devoted to the process of sexual reproduction
- Internode: Refers to the part of the steam that is between two nodes
- Lignin: A polyphenolic substance that is chemically related to tannins and flavonoids, which forms a major part of the secondary cell wall of vascular plant cells
- Enation: A projection of tissues from the stem
- Mitochondrion: The intracellular organism that performs the process of oxidative respiration
- Chlorophyll: The green, magnesium containing pigment that is found in all of the organisms that go through the process of photosynthesis
- Colony: A group of cells, generally the asexual offspring of a single original cell, that do not show division of labor and that do not form a filament
- Endodermis: A layer of cells surrounding the vascular tissue in the roots, steams, or the leaves of many seed plants. This part is the innermost layer of the cortex.
- Stoma: An opening in the epidermis of a plant that is controlled by two guard cells
- Guard cells: These types of cells open and close the stoma
- Prokaryote: An organism that does not have membrane bound organelles, and that has its DNA organized in a single naked circular strand
- Eukaryote: An organism that does have a membrane bound nucleus, as well as membrane bound intracellular organelles
- Monocot: Members of this group are characterized by the fact that they only have one cotyledon
- Monophylectic group: A group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor, as well as all of its descendants
- Unicellular: A term used to refer to organisms made up of one cell
- Frond: Name for a leaf on a fern
- Reticulate venation: An arrangement of leaf vascular bundles in a small network that generally occurs in Gnetophyta and dicot flowering plants
- Axillary bud: A bud, also known as a meristem, that is found on a stem just above the attachment of the leaf: these are generally found in seed plants
- Parallel venation: The arrangement of leaf vascular bundles along the axis of a leaf that is characteristic of monocot flowering plants
- Fascicle: A group of needle leaves of pine or related conifers that are attached to a single lateral spur shoot
- Carbonization: A type of fossilization where all that remains of the original structure is the carbon
- Parsimony: The idea that the simplest explanation, the one that requires the fewest hypothesis, is the one that is most likely to be correct
- Sporangium: A unicellular or multicellular container into which spores come into existence
- Unaltered fossils: Fossils that retain much of their original structural and chemical forms
- Xeric: Meaning dry, a term that is used to describe the features of plants or the places in which they grow
- Autotrophic: The ability to synthesize high energy carbon compounds from inorganic raw materials using energy from sunlight or from certain inorganic chemical reactions
Morphology is defined as the study of how animals and plants are formed.
Plant Morphology Terms
Types of Organisms
Other Important Terms
An example of morphology is the study of how the cell is structured.
- the branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of animals and plants
- the branch of linguistics that deals with word structure and with functional changes in the forms of words, such as inflection and compounding
- the study of the structure, classification, and relationships of morphemes
- any scientific study of form and structure, as in physical geography
- form or structure
Origin of morphologyGerman morphologie, coined (1822) by Goethe from Classical Greek morph?, form + German -logie, -logy
- a. The branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of organisms without consideration of function.b. The form and structure of an organism or one of its parts: the morphology of a cell; the morphology of vertebrates.
- Linguistics The study of the structure and form of words in language or a language, including inflection, derivation, and the formation of compounds.
- mor′pho·log′i·cal mor′pho·log′ic
(countable and uncountable, plural morphologies)
- (uncountable) A scientific study of form and structure, usually without regard to function. Especially:
- (linguistics) The study of the internal structure of morphemes (words and their semantic building blocks).
- (biology) The study of the form and structure of animals and plants.
- (geology) The study of the structure of rocks and landforms.
- (countable) The form and structure of something.
- (countable) A description of the form and structure of something.
From morpho- +"Ž -logy