mast cellmast cell
a cell containing large, basophilic granules, found in connective and other bodily tissues
Origin of mast cellfrom German mastzelle from mast, food (see mast) + zelle, cell from Old High German cella from L: see cell
A cell produced in bone marrow that functions in allergic reactions and other inflammatory and immune responses by releasing substances such as histamine and cytokines and by directly killing pathogens. Mast cells are found chiefly in connective tissue and contain basophilic granules.
Origin of mast cellPartial translation of German Mastzelle well-fed cell (from an early view that the granules were from phagocytosis) Mast food, mast ( from Middle High German) ( from Old High German) Zelle cell
(plural mast cells)
- A resident cell of connective tissue that contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin.
From German Mastzelle f, "feeding cell," coined in 1878 by immunologist Paul Ehrlich.
- attributive form of mast cell, noun.