mast cellmast cell
a cell containing large, basophilic granules, found in connective and other bodily tissues
Origin of mast cell; from German mastzelle ; from mast, food (see mast) + zelle, cell ; from Old High German cella ; from L: see cell
A cell found in connective tissue that contains numerous basophilic granules and releases substances such as heparin and histamine in response to injury or inflammation of bodily tissues.
Origin of mast cellPartial translation of German Mastzelle, well-fed cell (from an early view that the granules were from phagocytosis) : Mast, food, mast (from Middle High German, from Old High German) + Zelle, cell.
(plural mast cells)
- A resident cell of connective tissue that contains many granules rich in histamine and heparin.
From German Mastzelle f, "feeding cell," coined in 1878 by immunologist Paul Ehrlich.
- attributive form of mast cell, noun.